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Telephone numbers in Russia

Telephone numbers in Russia are under a unified numbering plan with Kazakhstan, both of which share the international code +7. Historically, +7 was used as the Soviet calling code, and was universal throughout the Soviet Union. Following the Soviet break-up, all of its former republics, save for Russia and Kazakhstan, switched to new country codes.

On 28 September 2009 Abkhazia received new country codes in zone 7: +7-840 for landline and +7-940 for mobile operators. However, the Georgia code +995-44 is also in use until further notice. 1

Russia uses a four-level (local, zone, country, international) open dialing plan. Local telecommunications regulators had planned to abandon this system and change to a closed dialing plan at all levels by 2009, but postponed the changeover until 2010. 2 Currently, all national subscriber numbers consist of 10 digits (excluding any prefixes), with 3 digits for an area code and a 7-digit individual number which includes a zone code.

Long Distance and International Prefixes
The international dialing prefix in Russia is "8~10" - callers dial '8', wait for a tone, and then dial '10', followed by the country code, area code, and number. The long distance prefix is "8~". There are plans to change those prefixes to '0' for national and '00' for international dialing 3 , but they are not yet implemented.
Placing Long Distance and International Calls
When making long distance or international calls, a subscriber may choose either of two providers: Pre-Select or Hot-Choice. If a subscriber prefers Pre-Select, he calls a prescribed free number (8-800-333-0990 for MTT or 8-800-100-2525 RT) and signs up initially for service. He may also sign a statement at the phone company indicating his choice of provider. With this provider, the prefixes and dialing procedures for non-local calls are the ones currently in use. The default regulation in Moscow is Hot-Choice (not available yet on all exchanges; regional operators apply their own regulation depending on availability). Available operators are:
Rostelekom (RT
Mezhregionalnyi TranzitTelekom (MTT
Golden Telecom - Sovintel (GT) - not active on consumer market
TransTelekom (TTK) - not active on consumer market
Orange - not active on consumer market
Comstar - only active in Moscow
Arctel - not active on consumer market
Synterra - not active on consumer market
The dialing pattern for Hot-Choice subscribers is different. After dialing "8", the subscriber waits for a tone and then dials the operator code (OC) either for a long distance call or an international call.
Operator - Long distance call code - International call code
RT - 55 - 10
MTT - 53 - 58
GT - 51 - 56
TTK - 52 - 57
Orange - 54 - 59
Arctel - 21 - 26
Synterra - 22 - 27
Comstar - 23 - 28
Dialing pattern
Note: the tone signal after dialing '8' is compulsory on old analog (with pulse mode dialing) exchanges and optional on digital (tone mode dialing) exchanges.

[ Calls within settlements

xxx-xx-xx (exception: Moscow - see below)
e.g. 3-45-67
 22-33-44
 234-56-78

Local phone numbers in Russia may be made up of 5 (x-xx-xx), 6 (xx-xx-xx) or 7 (xxx-xx-xx) digits.

Moscow City has 2 area codes assigned: 495 and 499 . Dialing pattern for 2 codes is different:

when calling within the area code 499: 499.xxx-xx-xx
when calling from 495 to 499: 8.499.xxx-xx-xx
when calling from 499 to 495: 8.495.xxx-xx-xx
when calling within the area code 495: xxx-xx-xx

Notwithstanding the length of the numbers dialed, calls between these two codes are local calls and are not charged at long distance rates (even though one uses the long-distance prefix '8').

[ Calls within Russia

Pre-Selected Operator:

 8-tone-ABC xxx-xx-xx (where ABC is the area code)
 e.g. 8.812.234-56-78 (to St. Petersburg)

Hot-Choice Operator selection:

 8-tone-OC ABC xxx-xx-xx (where OC is the Operator Code and ABC is the area code)
 e.g. 8.53.812.234-56-78 (to St. Petersburg via MTT)

[ International calls from Russia

Pre-Selected Operator:

 8-tone-10 International number
 e.g. 8.10.44 20 3456-6789 (to London/UK)

Hot-Choice Operator selection:

 8-tone-OC International number where OC is the Operator Code
 e.g. 8.58.44 20 3456-6789 (to London/UK via MTT)

[ Calls from outside Russia

 +7 ABC xxx-xx-xx (where ABC is the area code)
Area codes
First digit of code - Routed to
0 - Not used (long distance and international prefix
1 - Not used (for special services
2 - Reserved (for common usage with Kazakhstan
3 - Geographic codes
4 - Geographic codes
5 - Reserved
6 - Used for numbers in Kazakhstan.
7 - Used for numbers in Kazakhstan.
8 - Geographic codes, Toll-Free, and Pay-Line (for common usage with Kazakhstan and Abkhazia
9 - Mobile, GSM, & Pay-Line (code 940 is for Abkhazia mobiles)

[ List of area codes in Russia

The dialing code 495 was introduced on 1 December 2005 to replace 095, in order to make it possible to adopt the ITU convention of 0 and 00 dialing prefixes for local and international dialing respectively. The old '095' dialing code, along with 19 other Russian area codes starting with '0', expired on 31 January 2006. 4

Region - Area code - Old code (inactive
Republic of Adygea - 877 : Altai Krai - 385 : Altai Republic - 388 : Amur Oblast - 416 : Arkhangelsk Oblast and Nenets Autonomous Okrug - 818 : Astrakhan Oblast - 851 : Belgorod Oblast - 472 - 072
Bryansk Oblast - 483 - 083
Republic of Buryatia - 301 : Vladimir Oblast - 492 - 092
Volgograd Oblast - 844 : Vologda Oblast - 817, 820 : Voronezh Oblast - 473 - 073
Republic of Dagestan - 872 : Jewish Autonomous Oblast - 426 : Sverdlovsk Oblast - 343 : Ivanovo Oblast - 493 - 093
Republic of Ingushetia - 873 : Irkutsk Oblast - 395 : Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria - 866 : Kaliningrad Oblast - 401 - 011
Republic of Kalmykia - 847 : Kaluga Oblast - 484 - 084
Kamchatka Krai - 415 : Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia - 878 : Republic of Karelia - 814 : Kemerovo Oblast - 384 : Kirov Oblast - 833 : Komi Republic - 821 : Kostroma Oblast - 494 - 094
Krasnodar Krai - 861, 862 : Krasnoyarsk Krai - 391 : Kurgan Oblast - 352 : Kursk Oblast - 471 - 071
Leningrad Oblast - 813 : Lipetsk Oblast - 474 - 074
Magadan Oblast - 413 : Republic of Mari El - 836 : Republic of Mordovia - 834 : Moscow City - 495, 499 - 095
Moscow Oblast - 496, 498 - 096
Murmansk Oblast - 815 : Nizhny Novgorod Oblast - 831 : Novgorod Oblast - 816 : Novosibirsk Oblast - 383 : Omsk Oblast - 381 : Orenburg Oblast - 353 : Oryol Oblast - 486 - 086
Penza Oblast - 841 : Perm Krai - 342 : Primorsky Krai - 423 : Pskov Oblast - 811 : Rostov Oblast - 863 : Ryazan Oblast - 491 - 091
Samara Oblast - 846, 848 : Saint Petersburg - 812 : Saratov Oblast - 845 : Sakhalin Oblast - 424 : Republic of North Ossetia - Alania - 867 : Smolensk Oblast - 481 - 081
Stavropol Krai - 865, 879 : Tambov Oblast - 475 - 075
Republic of Tatarstan - 843, 855 : Tver Oblast - 482 - 082
Tomsk Oblast - 382 : Tula Oblast - 487 - 087
Republic of Tyva (Tuva) - 394 : Tyumen Oblast - 345 : Republic of Udmurtia - 341 : Ulyanovsk Oblast - 842 : Republic of Bashkortostan - 347 : Khabarovsk Krai - 421 : Republic of Khakassia - 390 : Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - 346 : Chelyabinsk Oblast - 351 : Republic of Chechnya - 871 : Zabaykalsky Krai - 302 : Republic of Chuvashia - 835 : Chukotka Autonomous Okrug - 427 : Sakha Republic (Yakutia) - 411 : Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug - 349 : Yaroslavl Oblast - 485 - 085
Toll-Free & Pay-Line Codes
Code - Service
800 - FPH- Freephone
801 - AAB – Automatic alternative billing
802 - CCC – Credit card calling
803 - VOT – Televoting
804 - UAN - Universal access number
805 - PCC – Prepaid card calling
806 - ACC – Account card calling
807 - VPN - Virtual private network
808 - UPT – Universal personal Telecommunication
809 - PRM- Premium rate
881-899 - Reserved
970 - Data transfer services
971 - Telematic services
Special numbers (emergencies
Number - Service
01 - Fire service
02 - Police
03 - Ambulance
04 - Gas service
07 - Directory assistance, Rostelecom
09 - Directory assistance (free, limited info
009 - Directory assistance (pay service, 35 rub./min.) in Moscow
100 - Talking clock in Moscow
Perspectives
The telecommunications infrastructure in Russia is being reformed and modernized; this project is expected to be finished in 2012. Prior to completion, all cities and settlements in the Russian Federation will have a modern landline-telephone infrastructure. Use of '0' and '00' as the long-distance call and international call prefixes will become standard (this was scheduled for 2008, but authorities are first introducing the soon-to-be-universal emergency '112' number and cancelling special numbers starting with '0'). Domestic regulators plan to have this scheme in place by early 2012. Their intent is to increase the number of regions connected to 112 year by year: 2 in 2007, 6 in 2008, 24 in 2009, 44 in 2010, etc). These changes are aimed at bringing local regulations into compliance with ITU and EU recommendations.
References
"Abkhazia remains available by Georgian phone codes". today.az. 2010-01-06 . http://www.today.az/print/news/georgia/58953.html .
К 2010 г. Россия дойдет до нулей
Russian numbering plan (in Russian), approved on 17 November 2006
http://lenta.ru/news/2005/12/01/codes/
See also
Telephone numbers in Kazakhstan
References from: Telephone_numbers_in_Russia From Wikipedia
Telephone Numbers in Europe
Telephone Numbers in Asia
Categories: Telephone numbers by country
Telecommunications in Russia
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